Sexual harassment and assault negatively affect students' well-being and their ability to succeed academically. Supreme Court rulings have established that sexual harassment and assault of students constitutes discrimination on the basis of sex and violates Title IX.

The law applies whether the harassment involves students of the opposite or of the same sex, and whether it is conducted in person, online, or through other media. Title IX’s protection extends to sexual harassment in all of a school’s programs or activities, whether the harassment occurs on school property, on a school bus, or at an off-site school event.

When sexual harassment occurs, Title IX requires that schools take immediate, effective action to eliminate the hostile environment, prevent its recurrence, and remedy the effects on the victim. These steps are essential for creating a learning environment in which all students can succeed. Better training and strengthening of the law, giving students the same protection from harassment that employees have in the workplace—would help curb this widespread and damaging conduct.

Previous reports and additional links can be viewed at NCWGE Archives. Please note that the data maintained in this archive is for historical and research purposes and may not be the most current. Please contact NCWGE for the most current information.